The adoption of standards in the Roman world is manifested in the
production of objects, the use of measuring units, the construction of
infrastructure, but also in symbolic representations of power by means
of material culture, as well as in the use of standard contracts or
reproducing legal formulaic writings. The effective use of these
standards shows that individual beliefs, cultural norms, and formal
institutions were aligned so as to reinforce trust among parties. Rome
saw a proliferation of such abstract systems of trust, for example, by
using standard weights and measures, which profoundly affected people’s
lives from the most public settings to the most intimate.
However, one of the paradoxes of the Roman world is that, while standard objects or practices echoing Roman influences spread along different areas, the extension of these involved in many cases the further development or assimilation of foreign practices, objects or concepts, mixing cultural traditions or instead, reinforcing self-identity at a local level. One key example are the weights employed at different eastern Mediterranean ports, which translated Roman imperial units into local ones.
This international conference will be devoted to the study of the manifestations of standardisation and localisms in law and the economy of the Roman world, and consequently, their impact in diverse phenomena such as symbols, legal culture or commercial practices, but also in material culture, infrastructure and landscapes. The event also aims to recontextualize standards not only as echoes of Roman domination but as evidence of diverse socioeconomic practices and cross-cultural encounters, and how these are materially reflected echoing issues such as integration, assimilation, resilience, or a combination of imperial and provincial practices.
- What is imperial and what local in the use of standards in different contexts? What does that imply about scale and integration in the Roman world?
- How did people in the empire negotiate and integrate “Roman” standards in their society, economy, and culture? And vice versa?
-What are the ethnic, cultural economic, legal or political reasons behind the attribution of specific names to phenomena or items linked with numeracy metrology or scale (e.g. pecunia from pecus, sheep)? Vice versa, what is the impact of a standard’s “identity” on how people perceive phenomena such as numeracy or scale?
- How idiosyncratic or diverse could local adaptations of standards be in order to be understood by different economic agents?
- How accurate were standards in the Roman world expected to be?
- How did Roman standardised objects (e.g. amphorae or coins) or practices (e.g. legal procedures) and their particularities relate to their descriptions in textual sources?
For the full programme, see here.
Source: https://www.sdep.ugent.be/events/standardisation-and-localism-in-the-legal-and-economic-world-of-the-romans (04.10.2022)