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A History of Constant Reform: Crime and Punishment in the Twentieth Century

May 13, 2023

Organizers: Maurice Cottier and Alix Heiniger

Place: University of Fribourg, Switzerland
Time: 06.06.2023 - 07.06.2023

Although closely related, the histories of criminal justice and prisons are often studied apart. This workshop seeks to bring together historians and scholars from neighbouring disciplines working on various aspects of the history of crime, criminal justice, and incarceration in the twentieth century.


Tuesday, June 6

9:15 to 9:45 Reception

9:45 to 10:00 Opening Remarks

10:00 to 12:30 Panel 1: Scientific Knowledge, Justice and Penal Reform
Chair: Regula Ludi (University of Fribourg)

Nathalie Dahn-Singh (University of Fribourg)
(In-)Visibilizing Punishment: The Construction of Categories for Prison Statistics in the Context of Criminal Law Reform (Switzerland, 1889-1942)

Anouk Essyad (University of Fribourg)
Producing, Relaying, and Depoliticizing a Science on Prison and Criminals. A Collective Biography of the Swiss Participants in the International Prison Congresses (1872-1950)

Maurice Cottier (University of Fribourg)
Morals and Markets. The Chicago School of Economics’ Conceptions of Crime

14:00 to 15:30 Panel 2: Feminist Movements and Penal Reform
Chair: Anne-Françoise Praz (University of Fribourg)

Hannah Catherine Davies (University of Zurich)
Feminist Critiques of the Criminal Law in West Germany and its Influence on Crime Policy, 1970s/1980s

Julia Spohr (University of Kassel)
Debates on Violence against Women in the Federal Republic of Germany and France (1970-1990) – A Comparative Perspective

16:00 to 17:30 Panel 3 Sex Work and Exploitation
Chair: Anne-Françoise Praz (University of Fribourg)

Peirou Chu (École normale supérieure de Lyon)
Regulating urban prostitution in the Weimar Germany: collaboration and collision between justice and science

Sarah Frenking (University of Erfurt)
Women on the Move: Sex Trafficking and the Criminalization of “Deviant Mobilities” in the Interwar Period

Wednesday, June 7

9:00 to 12:30 Panel 4: Psychiatry, Prisons and Criminal Justice
Chair: Maurice Cottier (University of Fribourg)

Cézane Beretta (University of Fribourg)
The Psychiatric Expert as a New Actor in the Execution of

Sentences in Switzerland in the Mid-Twentieth Century
Klará Pinerová (Institute for the Study of Totalitarian Regimes)
Science between Repression and Humanity: The Use of Psychology in Prison System in Czechoslovakia in the Years 1960-1992

Cristina Ferreira (Haute École de santé Vaud)
The "Therapeutic Value of the Sentence". A Look back at the Controversial Role of the Psychiatric Expert in the penal field (1970-1980)

Jonas Gloor (University of Zurich)
(Un)treatable offenders? (In-)Calculable Risks? Contested Knowledge about the Dangerousness of Sex Offenders in Switzerland (ca. 1993-2017)

14:00 to 17:30 Panel 5: Prison Reform in Practice
Chair: Alix Heiniger (University of Fribourg)

Pavel Baloun (Czech Academy of Sciences)
A History of the Workhouse in the Czech Lands in the First Half of the 20th Century

Géraldine Bugnon and Joëlle Droux (University of Geneva)
Reforming Juvenile Justice from Below: Professional Collaborations and Hybridizations in the Field of Juvenile Justice in Switzerland (1970-2000)

Nicolas Blumenthal (University of Fribourg)
Internment of (Non)Deportable Subjects in Switzerland between the 1950s and 1970s: No Punishment?

Viviane Trindade Borges (Santa Catarina State University)
Marginal Histories: Archives and Prison History in Latin America (1930 - 1980

Contact: maurice.cottier@unifr.ch

Source: A History of Constant Reform: Crime and Punishment in the Twentieth Century. In: H-Soz-Kult, 10.05.2023, <www.hsozkult.de/event/id/event-136142>.